Friends of the Earth Kuranda

Proud to be a Member of FoE Australia

Constitution

Constitution of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA)

Approved by General Meeting, September 2005

1. Name

The name of the organisation is Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Incorporated (FoE KURANDA Inc) and was formerly the Kuranda Range Defenders. The name is the only part of the constitution that may be changed by a simple majority.

2. Vision Statement

Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc works successfully with the wider community including other organisations, governments and businesses to reduce the region’s ecological footprint and to create a model of sustainable and harmonious living to inspire communities elsewhere.

The Kuranda region’s economy is ecologically sustainable and the community enjoys the benefits of living in a healthy environment and an equitable and harmonious society.

All people are living in an environmentally and socially just society which respects all living entities and rejects all forms of oppression and discrimination.

3. Objects / Aims and Objectives

The core aims and objectives of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc are:

i) An Environmentally and Socially Equitable World
Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc will work for an environmentally and socially equitable world including:

a. Supporting the concept of Fair Shares in Global Environmental Space
b. Reducing our own consumption and making more efficient use of the world’s resources
c. Supporting and encouraging environmentally and socially responsible behaviour in all spheres of society.
d. Respecting cultural and religious diversity and advocating for human rights and responsibilities
e. Opposing cruelty to animals
f. Advocating inter-generational and intra-generational equity.

ii) A Healthy Natural Environment
Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc will work for the protection and restoration of the natural environment and the conservation and protection of native wildlife including:

a. Advocating sustainable planning and transport options
b. Opposing inappropriate and environmentally harmful development (including the proposed Kuranda 4-lane highway)
c. Advocating and practising organic methods in agriculture, horticulture, forestry and revegetation
d. Opposing the taking for profit, killing, caging for personal use, otherwise endangering, or harming native wildlife.

iii) A Healthy Cultural Environment
Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc will support and work for a Healthy Cultural Environment including:

a. Rejecting all forms of racism
b. Acknowledging and respecting Indigenous knowledge, rights and responsibilities.
c. Supporting Indigenous Peoples to care for country and reclaim culture.
d. Advocating for Indigenous Peoples’ economic opportunities and health at least equivalent to the rest of the community.

iv. An Engaged and Informed Community
Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc will engage and inform the community through:

a. Providing and sharing resources and information with members and the wider community.
b. Increasing community awareness and environmental knowledge using projects, workshops, media and Friends of the Earth information material
c. Increasing community social justice awareness using projects, workshops, media and FoE information material
d. Skill sharing
e. Working with other like-minded individuals, groups or organisations

v) A Nuclear Free and Peaceful World
Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc will work towards a nuclear free and peaceful world including

a. Opposing the mining of uranium for nuclear weapons or energy generation.
b. Opposing the use and development of nuclear weapons
c. Advocating non-violent methods for solving disagreements at all levels of society, governments and nation states.

4. Principles:

Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc is a not-for-profit non-discriminatory environmental and social justice group formed in the public interest to protect, preserve, care for and provide community education about environment al and social justice matters.

Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc:

i) Recognises the interdependence and rights of all life on earth and believes that natural processes and biodiversity must be protected, conserved or restored.
ii) Acknowledges the right of Indigenous peoples to self-determination and abhors past and continuing dispossession and marginalisation of the Indigenous peoples of Australia and of other Indigenous peoples throughout the world.
iii) Rejects all discrimination and oppression.
iv) Acknowledges, respects and values cultural diversity and different knowledge systems
v) May disseminate information on environmentally friendly products and services and will publicly recognise the support of approved sponsor or donors.(See sponsorship policy and FoEI Fundraising Screening Policy)
vi) Undertakes:
a. to uphold the principles of non-violence and recognise non-violent direct action as a legitimate tool to achieve our vision.
b. to seek to develop an active and co-operative society based on nurturing and respect for each other
c. to actively encourage skill-sharing
vii) Intends to critically evaluate our processes and activities on an ongoing basis, as part of our
insistence on transparency of process and organisational honesty and integrity.
viii) Has a commitment to free speech, however unpopular, and will defend and promote the exercise of free speech unless to do so would be to incite discrimination or in any other way jeopardise the aims and objectives of the organisation
ix) Is a consensus-based organisation

5. Activities/Powers

i) Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc has the power of an individual.

ii) To further our objectives, Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc may carry out the following activities:

a. conduct public campaigns through education and advocacy, including the use of non-violent direct action where appropriate.
b. promote public awareness of and support for the organisation’s objectives in the region and beyond
c. lobby politicians, bureaucrats, businesses, unions, churches and other community organisations and individuals as appropriate.
d. collect books, journals, articles, photographs and any other kind of relevant data and information and to make these available to members and the broader community.
e. produce newsletters, an interactive website, films, media information and other educational materials.
f. raise funds, raise loans, borrow, invest, donate, expend and lend funds, acquire and dispose of any form of property, accept grants, employ staff, enter into contracts and establish sub-committees and other entities with delegated authority including companies.
g. communicate and co-operate with like-minded individuals and organisations, within the region and beyond.
h. develop and manage physical assets, resources and services for the use of members and the public.
i. assist development of members’ skills and capabilities through training, skill-sharing, mentoring, workshops, meetings, forums and other appropriate means.
j. instruct solicitors and/ or lawyers to take proceedings when necessary to protect the environment and meet Friends of the Earth Inc’s objectives
k. undertake other activities as agreed

All the above activities are subject to the decision-making policies of the organisation.

6. Relationship with the Friends of the Earth Federation

We are a self-managed, independent organisation that also intends to seek and sustain affiliation with the Friends of the Earth federation.

7. Financial Standing

Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc, incorporating the Kuranda Range Defenders, is a not-for-profit organisation.

8. Classes of Membership

i) There shall be two classes of membership: Individual Members and Affiliated Organisations.
ii) Membership of both classes is unlimited.

9. Membership

i) Any individual or organisation is eligible to be a member of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc, who:
a. concurs with – and agrees to abide by – the Constitution of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc.
b. pays the appropriate fee and provides current contact details.
c. is approved at a general meeting in accordance with the decision-making rules of the organisation.

ii) Each individual member is entitled to nominate (or be nominated) to hold office within the organisation.
iii) Each individual member is entitled to one vote.
iv) This admission procedure applies to all applications for individual membership except for founding members who join at the first meeting.
v) Affiliated Organisations may be incorporated or not incorporated, profit-making or not-for-profit
vi) All applications to become an Affiliated Organisation must be approved at a general meeting in accordance with the decision making rules of the Association.
vii) Affiliated Organisations receive similar services to Individual Members (for example, they shall be circulated with information sent to Members and may make input to decision-making at General Meetings).
viii) Affiliated Organisations have no voting rights. .

10. Membership fees

i) The membership fee for each class of membership-
a. is the amount decided by the members from time to time at a general meeting; and
b. is payable when, and in the way, the management committee decides

11. Termination of Membership – Members or Affiliated Organisation

i) A member may resign from the Association at any time by giving notice in writing to the Secretary. Such resignation shall effect at the time such notice is received by the Secretary unless a later date is specified in the notice, when it shall take effect on that later date.

ii) If a member or affiliated organisation’s activities are held to seriously contravene or undermine the organisation’s Principles and/or Aims and Objectives, the members may consider whether the membership shall be terminated in accordance with the decision-making rules of the organisation

iii) The member concerned shall be given a full and fair opportunity of presenting his or her case.

iv) If the membership resolves to terminate his/her membership, it shall instruct the Secretary to advise the member in writing accordingly.

v) Termination of membership shall be considered a last resort, to be applied only after attempts to seek compromise and restore trust have been exhausted.

12. Appeal against termination of a member or organisation

i) A person whose application for membership has been rejected, or whose membership has been terminated, may give the secretary written notice of the person’s intention to appeal against the decision.
ii) A notice of intention to appeal must be given to the secretary within 1 month after the person receives written notice of the decision.
iii) If the secretary receives a notice of intention to appeal, the secretary must, within 3 months after the day of receipt, call a general meeting to decide the appeal.
iv) At the meeting, the applicant must be given a full and fair opportunity to show why the application should not be rejected or the membership should not be terminated.
v) At the meeting, an opportunity must be given to show why the application should be rejected or the membership should be terminated.
vi) Acceptance of the appeal must be decided by a two-thirds majority of the members present at the meeting

13. Register of members

i) The management committee must keep a register of members.
ii) The register of members must include the following particulars for each member-
a. the full name and residential address of the member;
b. the date of admission as a member;
c. the date of death or resignation of the member;
d. details about the termination or reinstatement of membership;
e. any other particulars the management committee or the members at a general meeting decide.

iii) The register must be open for inspection at all reasonable times.
iv) However, before the member may inspect the register, the member must apply to the secretary to inspect it.

14. Secretary

i) If the association has not elected an interim officer as secretary for the association before its incorporation, the members of the management committee must ensure a secretary is appointed or elected for the association within 1 month after incorporation.
ii) If a vacancy happens in the office of secretary, the members of the management committee must ensure a secretary is appointed or elected for the association within 1 month after the vacancy happens.
iii) The secretary must be an individual residing in Queensland, or in another State but not more than 65 km from the Queensland border, who is a member of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc elected by Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc members as secretary (See Rule 16. Electing Management Committee).

15. Membership of management committee

i) The management committee of the association consists of a president (facilitator), secretary (coordinator), treasurer and any other members the members elect or appoint at a general meeting or are co-opted on by the management committee. Total committee members should be no less than three and no more than seven.

ii) A member of the management committee must be a member of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc

iii) At each annual general meeting of the association, the members of the management committee must retire from office, but are eligible, on nomination, for re-election.

16. Electing the management committee

i) A member of the management committee may only be elected as follows-

a. any 2 members of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc may nominate another member (the candidate) to serve as a member of the management committee;
b. the nomination must be-
§ in writing; and
§ signed by the candidate and the members who nominated him or her; and
§ given to the secretary at least seven days before the annual general meeting at which the election is to be held;
c. each member present at the annual general meeting may vote for any number of candidates but not more than the number of vacancies;
d. if at the start of the meeting, there are not enough candidates nominated, nominations may be taken from the floor of the meeting.

ii) If required by the management committee, balloting lists must be prepared containing the names of the candidates in alphabetical order.

17. Resignation or removal from office of management committee member

i) A management committee member may resign from the committee by giving written notice of resignation to the secretary.
ii) The resignation takes effect on-

a. the day and at the time the notice is received by the secretary; or
b. if a later day is stated in the notice – the later day.

iii) A member may be removed from office at a general meeting of the association if a majority of the members present at the meeting vote in favour of removing the member.
iv) Before a vote of members is taken about removing the member from office, the member must be given a full and fair opportunity to show cause why he or she should not be removed from office.
v) A member has no right of appeal against the member’s removal from office under this section.

18. Vacancies on management committee

i) If a casual vacancy happens on the management committee, the continuing members of the committee may appoint another member of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc to fill the vacancy until the next annual general meeting.
ii) The continuing members of the management committee may act despite a casual vacancy on the management committee.
iii) However, if the number of committee members is less than the number fixed under these rules as a quorum of the management committee, the continuing members may act only to-
a. increase the number of management committee members to the number required for a quorum; or
b. call a general meeting of the association.

19. Functions of management committee

i) Subject to these rules or a resolution of the association members carried at a general meeting, the management committee -
a. has the general control and management of the administration of the affairs, property and funds of the association; and
b. has authority to interpret the meaning of these rules and any matter relating to the association on which the rules are silent.

20. Meetings of management committee

i) Subject to subsections (ii) to (xix), the management committee may meet and conduct its proceedings as it considers appropriate.
ii) The management committee must meet at least once every 4 months to exercise its functions.
iii) The committee must decide how a meeting is to be called.
iv) Notice of a meeting is to be given in the way decided by the committee.
v) If the secretary receives a written request signed by at least 33% of the management committee members, the secretary must call a special meeting of the committee.
vi) A request for a special meeting must state-

a. why the special meeting is being called; and
b. the business to be conducted at the meeting.

vii) At a management committee meeting, more than 50% of the current members elected or appointed to the committee form a quorum.

viii) Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc is a non-hierarchical consensus-based organisation. No one management committee member has more authority than another, other than that called for or duly prescribed in the process of carrying out his/her management committee role. A decision arising at a management committee meeting shall be decided by:

a. The consensus model. This means that a proposal will be modified until all members agree.
b. If no consensus can be reached, the resolution/motion/decision will be deferred to the next management committee meeting or other gathering/communication (where a quorum must be achieved) created to decide the issue. If consensus cannot be reached at the deferred Management Committee, the resolution/motion/decision will be decided by majority vote at that meeting and if the vote is equal the question is decided in the negative

ix) A management committee member must not vote on a question about a contract or proposed contract with Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc if the member has an interest in the contract or proposed contract, and if the member does vote the member’s vote must not be counted.
x) The secretary must give each management committee member at least 14 days notice of a special meeting of the committee.
xi) A notice of a special meeting must state-

a. the day, time and place of the meeting; and
b. the business to be conducted at the meeting.

xii) The president is to preside as chairperson at the meeting.
xiii) If the president is absent from a management committee meeting, the members may choose one of their number to preside as facilitator at the meeting.
xiv) If a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for a management committee meeting called other than on the request of committee members, the meeting may be adjourned to a day, time and place decided by the committee.
xv) If a quorum is not present as above subsection (xiv) the meeting may continue but no decision or resolution may be carried or ratified until the next management committee meeting where a quorum is achieved.
xvi) If, at the adjourned meeting mentioned in subsection (xiv), a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for the meeting, the meeting may continue but no decision or resolution may be carried or ratified until the next management committee meeting where a quorum is achieved.
xvii) If a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for a management committee meeting called on the request of committee members, the meeting may be adjourned to a day, time and place decided by the committee.
xviii) If a quorum is not present as above subsection (xvii) the meeting may continue but no decision or resolution may be carried or ratified until the next management committee meeting where a quorum is achieved.
xix) If, at the adjourned meeting mentioned in subsection (xvii), a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for the meeting, the meeting may continue but no decision or resolution may be carried or ratified until the next management committee meeting where a quorum is achieved
xx) A Treasurers report must be circulated every general meeting and no less than every 4 months and should be available for viewing within seven days notice of a request by the membership.

21. Delegation of management committee powers

i) The management committee may delegate the whole or part of its powers to a subcommittee consisting of the association members considered appropriate by the committee.
ii) A subcommittee may only exercise delegated powers in the way the management committee decides.
iii) A question arising at a subcommittee meeting is to be decided by the same decision making rules as in 20 (viii).

22. Acts not affected by defects or disqualifications

i) An act performed by the management committee, a subcommittee or a person acting as a member of and authorised by the management committee is taken to have been validly performed.
ii) Subsection (i) applies even if the act was performed when-
a. there was a defect in the appointment of a member of the management committee, subcommittee or person acting as a member of the management committee;

23. First general meeting

i) The first general meeting must be held not less than 1 month, and not more than 3 months, after the day the association is incorporated.
ii) The management committee must decide where the meeting is to be held.
iii) The business to be conducted at the first general meeting must include the appointment of an auditor.

24. First annual general meeting

The first annual general meeting must be held within 18 months after the day the association is incorporated.

25. Subsequent annual general meetings

Each subsequent annual general meeting must be held -
a. at least once each year; and
b. within 6 months after the end of the association’s previous financial year.

26. Business to be conducted at annual general meeting

The following business must be conducted at each annual general meeting -
a. receiving the statement of income and expenditure, assets, liabilities and mortgages, charges and securities affecting the property of the association for the last financial year;
b. receiving the auditor’s report on the financial affairs of the association for the last financial year;
c. presenting the audited statement to the meeting for adoption;
d. electing members of the management committee;
e. appointing an auditor.

27. Special general meeting

i) The secretary may only call a special general meeting by giving each member notice of the meeting within 14 days after-

a. being directed to call the meeting by the management committee; or
b. being given a written request signed by-
§ at least 33% of the members of the association presently on the management committee; or
§ at least the number of ordinary members of the association equal to double the number of members of the association presently on the management committee plus 1; or

c. being given a written notice of an intention to appeal against the decision of the general meeting-
§ to reject an application for membership; or
§ to terminate a person’s membership.

ii) A request mentioned in subsection (1) (b) must state-
a. why the special general meeting is being called; and
b. the business to be conducted at the meeting.

28. Notice of general meeting

i) The secretary may call a general meeting of the association.
ii) The secretary must give at least 7 days notice of the meeting to each Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc member.
iii) The management committee may decide the way in which the notice must be given.
iv) However, notice of the following meetings must be given in writing-

a. a meeting called to hear and decide the appeal of a member against the rejection or termination of the member’s membership by the management committee; or
b. a meeting called to hear and decide a proposed special resolution of the association.

v) A notice of a general meeting must state the business to be conducted at the meeting.

29. Quorum for, and adjournment of, general meeting

i) At a general meeting the number of members equal to double the number of members of the association presently on the management committee plus 1 form a quorum (see subsection vi for exceptions) or 25% of members which must include no less than 2 Management Committee members, whichever is lower.
ii) No business may be conducted at a general meeting unless a quorum of members is present when the meeting proceeds to business.
iii) If a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for a general meeting called on the request of members of the management committee or the association, the meeting may lapse. If however the members present prefer to continue the meeting, no decision or resolution may be carried or ratified until the next general meeting where a quorum is achieved.
iv) If a quorum is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for a general meeting called other than on the request of members of the management committee or the association, the meeting is to be adjourned to a day, time and place decided by the management committee.
v) If at an adjourned meeting, a quorum under subsection (i) is not present within 30 minutes after the time fixed for the meeting, the meeting may be adjourned to a day, time and place decided by the committee.
vi) If a quorum is not present as above subsection (i) the meeting may continue but no decision or resolution may be carried or ratified until the next general meeting where a quorum is achieved. The members present may determine a date and place of the adjourned meeting.
vii) The chairperson may, with the consent of any meeting at which a quorum is present, and must if directed by the meeting, adjourn the meeting from time to time and from place to place.
viii) If a meeting is adjourned under subsection (iv), only the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place may be conducted at the adjourned meeting.
ix) The secretary is not required to give the members notice of an adjournment or of the business to be conducted at an adjourned meeting unless a meeting is adjourned for at least 30 days.
x) If a meeting is adjourned for at least 30 days, notice of the adjourned meeting must be given in the same way notice is given for an original meeting.
xi) In this rule -
“member” includes a person attending as a proxy or representing an organisation that is a member.

30. Procedure at general meeting

i) Subject to these rules, at each general meeting -
a. the president is to preside as chairperson; and
b. if the president is absent or unwilling to act as chairperson, the members present must elect 1 of their number to be chairperson of the meeting; and
c. the chairperson must conduct the meeting in a proper and orderly way; and
d. each question, matter or resolution must be decided by the decision making process described in rule 20 subsection (viii)
e. each member present and entitled to vote is entitled to 1 vote only and, if the votes are equal, the chairperson has a casting vote as well as a primary vote; and
f. a member is not entitled to vote at a general meeting if the member’s annual subscription is in arrears at the date of the meeting; and
g. voting may be by a show of hands, unless at least 20% of the members present demand a secret ballot; and
h. if a secret ballot is held, the chairperson must appoint two members to conduct the secret ballot in the way the chairperson decides; and
i. the result of a secret ballot as declared by the chairperson is taken to be a resolution of the meeting at which the ballot was held; and
j. a member may vote in person or by proxy and-
§ on a show of hands, each person present who is a member or a representative of a member has 1 vote; and
§ in a secret ballot, each member present in person or by proxy has 1 vote; and

k. an instrument appointing a proxy must be in writing; and-
§ signed by the appointor or the appointor’s attorney properly authorised in writing; or
l. a proxy may be a member of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc or another person acting on behalf of a member of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc; and
m. the instrument appointing a proxy is taken to confer authority to demand or join in demanding a secret ballot; and
n. if someone wants to give a member an opportunity to vote for or against a resolution, the instrument appointing a proxy must be in the following or like form-

ASSOCIATION:

I, of , being a member of the association, appoint
of ,
as my proxy to vote for me on my behalf at the (annual) general meeting of the

association, to be held on the day of , 20 ,
and at any adjournment of the meeting.

Signed this day of , 20 .
Signature.

* in favour of
This form is to be used the resolution.
*against

*Strike out whichever is not wanted. (Unless otherwise instructed, the proxy may vote as the proxy considers appropriate.); and

o. each instrument appointing a proxy must be given to the secretary before the start of the meeting or adjourned meeting at which the person named in the instrument proposes to vote; and
p. a person can be appointed a proxy for only one member
q. the secretary must ensure full and accurate minutes of all questions, matters, resolutions and other proceedings of each management committee meeting and general meeting are entered in a minute book; and
r. the secretary must ensure the minute book for each general meeting is open for inspection at all reasonable times by any financial member who previously applies to the secretary for the inspection.
ii) To ensure the accuracy of the minutes recorded under subsection (i)(q)-
a. the minutes of each management committee meeting must be signed by the chairperson of the meeting, or the chairperson of the next management committee meeting, verifying their accuracy; and
b. the minutes of each general meeting must be signed by the chairperson of the meeting, or the chairperson of the next general meeting, verifying their accuracy; and
c. the minutes of each annual general meeting must be signed by the chairperson of the meeting, or the chairperson of the next meeting of the association that is a general meeting or annual general meeting, verifying their accuracy.

31. By-laws

i) The management committee may make, amend or repeal by-laws, not inconsistent with these rules, for the internal management of the association.
ii) A by-law may be set aside by a vote of members at a general meeting of the association.

32. Alteration of rules

i) Subject to the Associations Incorporation Act 1981, these rules may be amended, repealed or added to by a special resolution carried at a general meeting by a majority of two thirds or more.
ii) However, an amendment, repeal or addition is valid only if it is registered by the chief executive.
iii) Any proposed change to the constitution must be circulated to all members at least seven days before the meeting.

33. Common seal

i) The management committee must ensure the association has a common seal.
ii) The common seal must be-
a. kept securely by the management committee; and
b. used only under the authority of the management committee.

iii) Each instrument to which the seal is attached must be signed by a member of the management committee and countersigned by-
a. a member of the management committee; or
b. someone appointed by the management committee.

34. Funds and accounts

i) The funds of the association must be kept in an account in the name of the association in a financial institution decided by the management committee.
ii) Records and accounts must be kept in the English language showing full and accurate particulars of the financial affairs of the association.
iii) All amounts must be deposited in the financial institution account as soon as practicable after receipt but not longer than 2 weeks after receipted.
iv) If an amount is paid by cheque, the cheque must be signed by any two of the following-
a. the president;
b. the secretary;
c. the treasurer;
d. another member authorised by the management committee for the purpose.
v) Cheques, other than cheques for wages, allowances or petty cash recoupment, must be crossed `not negotiable.
vi) A petty cash account must be kept on the imprest system, and the management committee must decide the amount of petty cash to be kept in the account.
vii) All expenditure must be approved or ratified at a management committee meeting. If the amount is equal to or more than $50.00, the expenditure must be approved or ratified by the management committee before being expended.
vii (a) subsection vii) does not preclude the management committee approving or ratifying the expenditure after the expenditure is incurred if the management committee agrees to the said expenditure.

viii) The treasurer must, as soon as practicable after the end of each financial year, ensure a statement containing the following particulars is prepared -
a. the income and expenditure for the financial year just ended;
b. the association’s assets and liabilities at the close of the year;
c. the mortgages, charges and securities affecting the property of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc at the close of the year.
ix) If the association is incorporated within 3 months before the end of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc’s financial year, subsection (viii) does not apply for the financial year in which the association is incorporated.
x) The auditor must examine the statement prepared under subsection (viii) and present a report about it to the secretary before the next annual general meeting following the financial year for which the audit was made.
xi) The income and property of the association must be used solely in promoting the association’s objects and exercising the association’s powers

10. If the association is incorporated within 3 months before the end of Friends of the Earth (KURANDA) Inc’s financial year, subsection (viii) does not apply for the financial year in which the association is incorporated.
11. The auditor must examine the statement prepared under subsection (viii) and present a report about it to the secretary before the next annual general meeting following the financial year for which the audit was made.
12. The income and property of the association must be used solely in promoting the association’s objects and exercising the association’s powers.

35. Documents

The management committee must ensure the safe custody of books, documents, instruments of title and securities of the association.

36. Financial year

The financial year of the association closes on 30 June in each year.

37. Distribution of surplus assets to another entity

i) This section applies if the association-
a. is wound-up under part 10 of the Act; and
b. it has surplus assets.

ii) The surplus assets must not be distributed among the association members.
iii) The surplus assets must be given to another entity -

a. having objects similar to the association’s objects; and
b. the rules of which prohibit the distribution of the entity’s income and assets to its members.
iv) In this section -
“surplus assets” has the meaning given by section 92(3) of the Act.